Hong Kong is a beautiful city by most accounts surrounded by mountains and water. Lying just south of the Tropic of Cancer, it shares similar latitudes to Hawaii, Havana, and Calcutta and longitudes to Perth Bali and Wuhan. It is situated 60 km (37 mi) east of Macau on China’s south coast surrounded by the South China Sea on the west, south and east sides. The mainland city of Shenzhen lies to the north across the Shenzhen River. Hong is surrounded by deep waters and has a sheltered port which has made it favourite passing point for ships for centuries.
Hong Kong’s total area is 1,104 km² (426 miles) which is spread across Hong Kong Island, the Kowloon Peninsula, the New Territories as well as more than 200 offshore islands, the largest of which is Lantau island. Of this total area, less than 25% is developed due to the steep mountainous terrain. 40% of the developable land remaining is reserved for parks and nature reserves. Hong Kong has a reputation for being intensely unbanised however this is not entirely true. The majority of the development is on the Kowloon Peninsula and in scattered settlements in the New Territories. Where Hong Kong is developed however, the density is high.
Hong Kong has a long irregular and curvaceous coast line which provide it with an abundance of bays, rivers and beaches. Its highest peak is Tai Mo Shan at 957 meters (3,140 ft) above sea level. The mountainous terrain and tall buildings tend to trap smog though 80% of that smog is created in other areas.
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